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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/276

Title: AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN NASARAWA STATE: AN ASSESSMENT OF BADA KOSHI AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMME, 1999-2007
Authors: ERUNKE, CANICE ESIDENE
Keywords: AGRICULTURAL, POLICIES, POVERTY, REDUCTION, NASARAWA STATE, ASSESSMENT, BADA KOSHI, PROGRAMME
Issue Date: Feb-2017
Abstract: The work has examined the relationship between agricultural policies and poverty reduction in Nigeria using the Bada Koshi agricultural programme in Nasarawa state as a case for analysis. The study therefore sought and unraveled the extent to which agricultural policies under the scheme has impacted on poverty reduction in the state. The research also x-rayed the challenges affecting the implementation of agricultural policies in the state with a view to addressing them. The theoretical argument in this study stems from the fact that public office holders have essentially failed to engender the needed policies aimed at reducing poverty through agricultural production. This is exemplified by their failure to approximate available human and material resources of the state in order to achieve the goals of poverty reduction. The study adopted a survey technique as means of data gathering. The study therefore used both primary and secondary sources of data collection. The major tools applied in the survey were questionnaire; Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and personal observation methods. Data were collected and analyzed using simple percentage analysis. The decision making theory as popularized by scholars such as Blaise Pascal, Herbert Simon, Chester Barnard and Oseweshe was adopted as a theory underpinning the research. The theory explains the complex nature of societies just the way there are complex social problems. To be able to resolve these problems require some level of tact and rationality by public office holders who are literally in control of affairs of state. However, these decision makers, rather than seek the well being of the people; prefer to use public office as avenue to promote self-interest through rent-seeking. The data generated was to demonstrate the possible linkages between agricultural policies and poverty reduction. This objective has been confirmed and achieved as can be observed in the structure of both primary and secondary data analysis carried out in the work. The results from the findings revealed that though not much progress has been made in agricultural transformation, the general picture of poverty reduction remains below expectation. The policy has also failed in the area of non-availability of agricultural inputs and required technology for the farmers use. The politicians have literally diverted some of the agricultural inputs from the real farmers to their friends and political associates who have no business with agricultural enterprise. This therefore confirms the validity and assumptions of the decision making theory as adopted in the study. The work recommends among other things that apart from prudent use of resources, government and other relevant stakeholders should refocus themselves and formulate policies that appreciate the environment and show commitment to the naturally endowed resources. Some of the resources such as arable land, forest materials, water resources which are seemingly abundant in the nation can be tapped and harnessed to reduce poverty among the people. Besides, government should as a matter of responsibility strengthens its institutions through adequate legislations that can arrest the disturbing poverty situation in the country. Again, the study recommends that government should identify critical agricultural policies that are people-oriented and therefore ensure full participation of genuine farmers as opposed to political considerations.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/276
Appears in Collections:Political Science

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