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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/414

Title: THE MILITARY AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF THE TIV/JUKUN CONFLICTS 1960-2002
Authors: TYUNGU, GABRIEL TYOLUMUN
Keywords: MILITARY, CONFLICT MANAGEMENT, NIGERIA, TIV/JUKUN. CONFLICTS 1960-2002
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: Apart from the role of protecting the territorial integrity of Nigeria, the other role of the Nigerian military is maintenance of internal security of the country. Because of the increasing wave of violent conflicts experienced in the country since the return to democratic rule, government attempts to stem such crisis situations to assert the role of the state has made military involvement in such conflicts frequent and also pervasive. However, there appears to be an upsurge in the calls for a true delineation of the roles of the military in such ethnic conflicts. These calls are coming particularly in increasing rapidity following the military roles in Odi and Zaki-Biam expeditions. There is not only an increasing fear of a growing politicization of the military, but also, what appears to be an increasing use of the military for partisan political ends, thus compromising the element of professionalism. This thesis therefore examines the increasing alleged shrinking popularity of the military's role in internal peace enforcement missions with specific reference to the Tiv-Jukun conflict. The objective is to enable the study evaluate such military roles in order to discuss the challenges and prospects of military involvement in conflicts of internal nature in Nigeria. The study employs primary and secondary sources in the form of interviews and written works. On the basis of these sources, it has come to the conclusion that persistent use of the military to intervene in conflict situations is rather capable of exacerbating crisis rather than resolving them. This is because; the changing nature of violent conflicts in the country has made the use of 'minimum force' unrealistic in the face of the possession of highly sophisticated arms by militia groups in most conflict situations. To stem this tide, military forces are compelled to respond correspondingly to such threats, thus inflicting `maximum force' on conflict parties and thereby further escalating conflict situations. This factor and many others represent the many challenges of the military in internal conflicts. In view of the foregoing analysis therefore, the military option should not be seen as an end in itself, but as a means to an end. In the end therefore, Governme.nts must strive to understand and address the underlying causes of conflicts whether they are ethnic, religious, socio-economic or political. But the most permanent solution in this case is good governance.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/414
Appears in Collections:Department of History

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