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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/437

Title: CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING STRATEGIES OF HOUSEHOLDS IN THE PRESENCE OF HIVAIDS IN BENUE STATE
Authors: NGUTSAV, AYILA
Keywords: Households, HIV/AIDS, consumption, statistics, Vandeikya, Tarka, Otukpo, borrowing, friends, de-saving, age, gender
Benue State, Local Government Areas, senatorial zones, logistic regression, increased health expenditure, care giving, receiving gifts, self-help groups, productive assets, health shock, food expenditure, education expenditure, housing expenditure, poverty level, educational level, labour shortage, coping strategies, marital status, income level
Issue Date: 4-Nov-2019
Abstract: The study was conducted to determine how households in Benue state smooth their consumption in the presence of HIV/AIDS. A survey method was used and data were collected using structured questionnaire and Focused Group Discussion. 900 households comprising 300 affected and 600 not affected were purposively and randomly selected from Vandeikya, Tarka and Otukpo Local Government Areas representing the 3 senatorial zones in the state. Descriptive statistics, Engel curves and logistic regression were used in analyzing the data. The descriptive statistics showed a dependency ratio of 3.7 for affected households and 2.51 for not affected households; increased health expenditure of 31 percent was recorded for affected households as well as a loss of 18 man hours for care giving. The study also revealed that households adopt different strategies to cope with the presence of HTV/AIDS. These include receiving gifts and assistance from family members and friends, borrowing from self help groups and friends, reduction in household consumption of other goods, and sale of productive assets amongst others. The Engel curves used revealed a negative relationship between health shock (HTV/AIDS) and food expenditure, education expenditure and housing expenditure; while total income, de-saving, borrowing, sale of assets and other coping strategies were positively related to health consumption of the affected households. The logistic regression revealed that households’ characteristics such as educational level, marital status, age, gender and income level determine the ability of the household to cope with the illness. Hypotheses 1 and 2 were rejected at 5% level of significance using F-statistics of models 2, 3, 4, and 5 while hypothesis three was rejected at 5% level of significance using log-likelihood of 984.82. The study recommends that existing local safety networks should be encouraged to sustain the production and reproductive capacity of the households; labour saving technologies should be developed to take care of labour shortages; income bases should be diversified to reduce the poverty level of households amongst others.
Description: Faring of households in the face of HIV/AIDS.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/437
Appears in Collections:Economics

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