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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/468

Title: ABAKWARIGA-JUKUN RELATIONS IN THE BENUE VALLEY IN 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES
Authors: ABUBAKAR, Bello Zakariya
Keywords: ABAKWARIGA, JUKUN
BENUE VALLEY, RELATIONS
Issue Date: May-2019
Publisher: NONE
Citation: NONE
Abstract: This research work entitled "Abakwariga- Jukun Relations in the Benue Valley in the 19th and 20th Centuries" provides some historical insights into their origins and migration, and economic, political and socio-cultural relations. Many scholars are aware of Jukun history, but few have some knowledge of Abakwariga. Abakwariga is a term coined by Jukun referring to the settler Hausa migrant communities in Jukunland one century or two ago. The Tiv ethnic group in the eastern part of Tivland also referred to these Hausa as Abakpa. The area of study covers places like Wukari, Talcum, Awei, Katsina-Ala and Abakpa village in Buruku Local Government Area of Benue State where concentrations of Jukun, Abakwariga and Tiv are found today. Two theories are used in this work that is the Theory of Inter-group Relations and the Theory of Commodity Production. The theory of inter-group relations is applied on economic, political and socio-cultural relations, whereas the theory of commodity production is applied on Abakwariga-Jukun Cottage Industries. The methodology used in carrying out the research was mainly based on the critical consultation and evaluation of primary and secondary sources. The aim and objectives of the study are to trace the nature of early contact of these ethnic groups, as well as their economic, political and socio-cultural relations. The history of Abakwariga-Jukun cottage industries like traditional textile technology, blacksmithing, and other auxiliary occupations, have been thoroughly examined in this study. Other major themes of the study which include economic relations, examined some essential imports and exports between the peoples of the Benue Valley and that of the Hausaland. In the area of political relations, including the administrative roles of the Aku Uka and that of Sangari were also analysed. One of the major breakthroughs of this study is that it reveals extensive buying and selling between the peoples of the Benue Valley and the Hausa of Hausaland since the 15th century. It has been established that intergroup relations alternate between peace and conflicts. Thus, in spite of the centuries of peaceful reciprocal economic and political relations, in the early decades of the 21st Century violent conflicts arose between the Abakwariga and Jukun more especially in Wukari and in some neighbouring villages.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/468
Appears in Collections:Department of History
Department of History

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