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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/519

Title: ETHNIC CONFLICTS AND THE CHALLENGE OF DEVELOPMENT: A STUDY OF TIV AND THEIR NEIGHBOURS
Authors: TSUWA, JOHN TOR
Keywords: ETHNIC CONFLICTS, CHALLENGE, DEVELOPMENT, TIV, NEIGHBOURS
Issue Date: May-2014
Publisher: NONE
Citation: NONE
Series/Report no.: NONE;NONE
Abstract: Ethnic conflicts have been a re-occurring phenomenon in Nigeria. The propensity of these conflicts especially between Tiv people and their neighbours has continued to escalate and affect the development process in Tiv land. In investigating this phenomenon of ethnic conflicts and its consequence on development particularly as it affects conflicts involving the Tiv and their 4IR neighbours, the study used primary and secondary sources of data collection to gather data. The study adopted the John Burton's Human Needs Theory in explaining and analyzing the causes of conflicts, and the consequences of these conflicts on development in Tiv land. The data collected was analysed in thematic issues and in some cases, tables and simple charts and figures were used to analyse the data. It was discovered that, the issues of land and migration, citizenship and indigeneship, politics and resource control, traditional/cultural practices, illiteracy/poverty, colonial policies, ethnicity and acts of criminality are the major causality factors of conflicts between the Tiv and their neighbours. It was also discovered that, these conflicts have negatively affected the overall development of Tiv land as it has led to destruction of lives and property, reduction of the revenue base of the area and has exacerbated general underdevelopment of Tivland. The study also showed that conflict and cooperation are different sides of one coin. To resolve the problematic of persistent conflicts between the Tiv and their neighbours so as to stimulate development in the area, the study recommends that, the circumvented colonial boundary demarcation that did not take into cognizance socio-cultural divisions of the people should be revisited and a clear demarcation done to take care of the contestation over boundary and land in the region. The study also recommends that the political and traditional leadership in ar. the region should ensure good governance so as to bring about overall development in the region as this will reduce poverty, illiteracy and the politics of exclusion and institute justice. The study also recommends the creation and deployment of inter-group community associations that will help in the peace building process so as to guarantee peace among neighbouring groups. Equally, the study recommends peaceful co-existence and the right of all citizens in any part of the nation. If this is done, the issue of issuance of the certificate of state origin and the federal character will be eliminated to create federal nationalism instead of ethnic nationalism
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/519
ISSN: NONE
Appears in Collections:Political Science

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