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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/527

Title: SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF MANUAL SCREW PRESS TECHNOLOGY FOR GARI PRODUCTION IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
Authors: ADEGBOLA, ADETAYO JACOB
Keywords: SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS, UTILIZATION OF MANUAL SCREW, PRESS TECHNOLOGY, GARI PRODUCTION, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Abstract: This study investigated socio-economic determinants of utilization of manual screw press for cassava mash dehydration for gari production in four local government areas across the Agricultural Development Project (ADP) zones in Kwara state. Using multistage sampling technique and a semi-structured questionnaire as instrument, data for the study were collected from a sample of three hundred and eighty four (384) gari processors who use the screw press in the state. The study revealed that the level of awareness of other improved dehydrating technologies for cassava mash among the respondents is low. However, level of utilization of the screw press was high. Multiple regression analysis show that a correlation (R=0.678) exist between utilization of the screw press and the independent variables which include age, household size, level of education, years of processing experience, extension visits, and income from gari processing. R2 value of 0.460 indicates that about 46% of the variation in utilization was explained by socio-economic variables included in the regression model. F-value (F-calculated) is 53.59 which is greater than F-critical value (F-tabulated) of 1.96 at 0.05 significant level; therefore, there is significant relationship between socioeconomic characteristics investigated and utilization of the manual screw press. Three variables significantly influenced the decision of the respondents to utilize the manual screw press: age, level of experience, and income; the most important predicator was income with a Beta value of 0.699. Also, respondents had a better output, income, and standard of living after utilization. Furthermore, calculated Z of mean of output (2.15), Z of mean of income (2.12), and Z of mean of standard of living (2.0) were greater than the critical value (Table value) of 1.96 at 5% level of probability and therefore the alternative hypothesis that utilization of screw press has significant effect on output, income, and standard of living of respondents was accepted. Conclusively, it was recommended among others that research, extension, and policy makers consider the significant determinants identified in the study seriously if increased utilization is to be achieved by cassava processors and others similar to them in the study area and the region.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/527
Appears in Collections:Sociology

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