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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/543

Title: INFLUENCE OF SELF-ESTEEM, STRESS AND COPING STRATEGIES ON PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING OF PRISON INMATES IN THE THREE PRISONS IN BENUE STATE
Authors: ONAH, THOMPSON ADAGBA
Keywords: SELF-ESTEEM, STRESS
COPING STRATEGIES, PRISON, INMATES
Issue Date: Aug-2019
Publisher: NONE
Citation: NONE
Abstract: Incarceration of prison inmates seems to come with emotional, physical, moral and psychological issues, which further impacts negatively on their psychological wellbeing. Factors that tend to affect their wellbeing amongst others include their Self-esteem which has to do with how they see themselves, the stress that they go through and the coping strategies they adopt while in prison.The objective of the present study therefore, is toexamine the influence of self-esteem, stress and coping strategies on the psychological wellbeing of prison inmates in Benue State, Nigeria. The participants comprised 320 inmates which included 278 (86.9%) males and 42 (13.1%) females. Their ages ranged between 15 and 60 years. The Mean age =9.7666, SD=6.86459. Data were collected from three prisons (Gboko, Makurdi and Otukpo). The cross sectional survey design was used. The Prisons had a population of 1611 as at 2018 when the data were collected. To achieve the objectives, four standardized instrumentswere used.They include the Coping Strategy Indicator (CSI) by Amirkan, the Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being (44- item) by Carol Ryff, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale by Rosenberg.Three hypotheses were formulated and tested at a significant level of 0.05. The first Hypothesis showed results on the different dimensions thus:on Self-esteem and Environmental mastery [F (1,306) = -5.802, P<.05], Self-esteem and Personal growth [F (1,306) = 6.502, P<.05},results were confirmed, while on self-esteem and Autonomy[F (1,306) = .390 P>.05], self-esteem and positive relation with others, [F (1,306) =.000, P>.05], self-esteem and Purpose in Life, [F (1,306) = .005, P>.05]. Self-esteem and Self-acceptance [F (1,306) = .796, P>.05], their results were not confirmed. The second hypothesis result showed thus: On stress and environmental mastery [F (1,315) = 7.292, P<.05], Stress and personal growth [F (1, 319) = 11.395, P<.05], the hypotheses were confirmed while hypotheses on Stress and Autonomy [F (1,318) = .002, P>.05], Stress and positive relations with others [F(1, 313) = 1.514, P>.05], Stress and purpose in life F (1, 319) = .039, P>.05, Stress and self-acceptance [F (1,318) = 1.212, P>.05], the hypotheses were not confirmed. The result of the third hypothesis also showed thus: on Coping Strategies and Environmental Mastery of prison inmates [F(3,312) = 3.716, P<.05], Coping Strategies and personal growth of prison inmates [F (3,316) = 10.010, P<.05, Coping Strategies and positive relations with others, [F (3,310) = 3.831, P<.05], Coping Strategies and Purpose in life [F (3,316) = 4.116, P<.05), the hypotheses were confirmed and accepted while it was rejected for Coping Strategies and autonomy of prison inmates F (3,315) = 1.627, P>.05], and on Coping Strategies and Self-acceptance, [F(3,315) = .331, P.05]. It was concluded that Self-esteem, Stress and Coping Strategies had significant influence on psychological wellbeing of prison inmates. Based on the findings, among other recommendations is the fact that Prison staffs who directly work with inmates should treat them with some level of dignity, respect value as though they are related to them, this will go a long way in improving their self-esteem and self-worth. The implication of the study is on the post-prison adjustment of prison inmates to their families and society at large.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/543
Appears in Collections:Psychology

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