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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/554

Issue Date: Sep-2019
Citation: NONE
Series/Report no.: NONE;NONE
Abstract: The symbiotic relationship between society and public space is well documented in literature; however, society is not static, this presupposes as is shown in literature that the use of public space is also changing, how the dynamic nature of society is affecting the use and the dimensions of change being experienced in public spaces in Makurdi-a town in the developing world, is unclear in literature. This study evaluates the dimensions of change in the use of public space from 1976 -2018. Specific objectives set in achieving this aim include an examination of the spatial organisation and condition of public spaces during the study period, since perception guides the use of space, the study also analysed the changing perception of public space and examined the nature of change being experienced in public space as well as interrogated the relationship between indicators of social change such as Demography, Technology, Education and Economics on the use of public space. Two hypotheses were tested; the first null hypothesis tested stated that there is no variation in the use of public spaces in Makurdi while the second hypothesis tested the presupposition that the changing use of public space is not related to changing dynamics of society in Makurdi. To achieve the aims of the study the most commonly available public space of parks and streets out of the other types of public spaces were isolated as units for interrogation. A sample of all public neighbourhood parks in Makurdi was isolated using map analysis along with the perimeter streets adjourning the parks totalling 20 in number. Data was disaggregated based on current users of parks and those who used the parks at an earlier period. The respondents found currently using public spaces provided information on current usage of public space and respondents aged > 60 years old provided information on how public space was used in the past. Data was obtained from respondents using the instrument of questionnaires, while the physical features of parks and streets were observed and measured. Key informant interviews were carried out with ministries and government offices that have oversight function on public spaces in Makurdi. The data was subjected to statistical tests using factor analysis, two way ANOVA, MANOVA and Multiple Regression analysis to test the variation from 1976-2018 and relationships between changing use of public spaces and changing society. Findings showed a significant variation in the nature of utilisation of public spaces from 1976-2018 among respondents (F(19,1002)=3.945: Wilk’s Lambda=.824 partial Eta Squared=.063,p<0.01).Specifically it showed a slightly significant variation in the use of Parks in terms of Abandonment F(6,356)=6.430,p<.05;eta squared=.098) or 9.8% and Segregation (F(6,356)=2.805,p<.05;eta squared=.045) or 4.5% but no significant variation in contests. On Streets the study showed no variation from 1976-2018 in terms of abandonment or contest but an average variation of 3.5% for segregation. Results of multiple regressions showed a significant relationship between factors of social change and changing nature of use in public space (R = .346 = R2 = .119 (F (10, 389) = 5.279, t = 14.317, p < .01). Factors such as demography, economy and education independently and jointly contributed to change in the use of public space. The study recommended a revitalisation of existing parks; as well as the provision of a well distributed network of public spaces; in neighbourhoods that have none, the design of these parks should address issues of insecurity and quality which are negatively perceived and the design process should incorporate public participation and inputs from other allied professionals.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/554
Appears in Collections:Urban & Regional Planning

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