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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/573

Title: DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE AND RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN BENUE STATE 1999-2015
Authors: GAAVSON, TERKULA
Keywords: DEMOCRATIC, GOVERNANCE
RURAL ELECTRICIATION
Issue Date: Nov-2019
Publisher: NONE
Citation: NONE
Abstract: This study investigated democratic governance and the provision of rural electrification projects in Benue State from 1999 to 2015. The primary objectives which the work was designed to accomplish were to determine the relationship between democratic governance and development; to ascertain the connection between democracy and provision of rural electricity; to establish the social and economic benefits of rural electrification projects at both the households and community levels and to identify the challenges underpinning democratic governance and development in Benue state. Methodologically, survey design with the questionnaire as a major instrument of data collection was the strategy adopted for the work; while the classical Elite Theory of democracy was employed as a framework of analysis for the study. Within the context of the study, democratic governance is regarded as government through elected representatives that is characterized by the principles of free choice, rule of law and public accountability. On the other hand, development is viewed as a process of enhancing the quality of life of the people including provision of social amenities or infrastructure. The findings from field survey revealed that though democracy has the potentials to promote development and indeed the provision of infrastructure such as electricity. Unfortunately, in Benue State democracy has not been able to maximally respond to the development needs and aspirations of the people. The study also found out that many of the rural communities in the state are yet to be connected to electricity; and that the government is usually selective in the sitting of rural electricity projects because some of these projects are usually skewed in favour of communities that have political big wigs in government. It was equally revealed that electricity has both social and economic benefits to the households and communities as it has enhanced economic activities and rural incomes of the few rural dwellers. The study also found out that there are certain factors that are inimical to democracy and development in Benue State and these include corruption, elite manipulation, weak and fragile economic substructure, politics of deprivation, primordial tendencies and institutional defects. Arising from these findings the study recommends among other things the urgent need to revamp the economic substructure to make it effectively productive to enhance the quality of life of the people; also the rural communities must be actively involved in the planning and execution of programmes and projects that affect their lives while the governing authorities should fashion out well articulated poverty reduction strategies and establish strong democratic institutions to drive the process of development. The study also recommends the need to improve democratic governance in Nigeria through a total reform of the electoral system. This will ensure its predictability such that leaders who emerge from the process know that their mandate is truly derived from the people and therefore owe them a duty to address their development needs and aspirations. The study therefore opines that much is dependent on the character and quality of political leadership that has the will, the zeal and the capacity to transform Benue State and indeed Nigeria from a status of an underdeveloped society to that of a developed polity.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/572
http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/573
Appears in Collections:Political Science
Political Science

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