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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/747

Title: EFFECTS OF PACKAGING MATERIALS AND STORAGE PERIODS ON THE QUALITY OF SOME SELECTED SOYBEAN VARIETIES IN MAKURDI, BENUE STATE, NIGERIA
Authors: OBUTE, JUSTINA OMA
Keywords: Packaging Materials, Storage Periods, Soybean Varieties
Issue Date: Jun-2019
Abstract: This study was carried out in 2017 at Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi. The study was aimed at evaluating the effect of packaging material and storage period on the quality parameters of some selected varieties of soybeans in Makurdi. The experimental design was 3x5x6 factorial 2sub-station. The soybeans were cleaned, dried and the moisture content determined. Five hundred grams of each of the variety was measured into the various packaging material, replicated by 3 for 2months, 4months, 6months and 8month then stored at Strategic Grains Reserve, Federal Ministry of Agriculture Makurdi. At the end of each storage period the seeds in storage were sampled to determine quality by conducting standard germination test with 100 seeds (100 seeds/rep).The peroxide value was determined according to AOAC (1984). Protein content was determined according to AOAC, (2000). Seedling vigor was also determined the method adopted by Verma and Verma (2014). The investigation revealed that variety V2 and V3 had the same peroxide value of 0.34mew/lg while Vi had the least value of 0.30mew/kg. V2 stored in plastic container had a value of 0.40meq/kg while laminate paper had the lowest peroxide value of 0.27 meq/kg. Soybeans stored for 2,4, 6 and 8 months have the same peroxide value of (0.34meq/kg) while Omonth (control) had the least value of 0.28meq/kg. However significant difference (P<0.05) was observed in the peroxide value of soybean in terms of variety, storage period and packaging material. V2 had the highest germination percentage of 78.85 while Vi had the lowest of 60.51. Soybeans stored in low density polyethene had the highest germination percent of 73.56 while the least was in cloth with a value of 53.38. Soybeans stored for 2months had the highest germination percent of 89.80 while the germination percent was recorded at 8months with a value of 33.89.However, significant differences were observed. Seedling vigor was higher in V2 with a value of 1052.77cm while Vi had the least value of 504.22cm. Soybeans packaged in low density polyethene recorded the seedling vigor of 775.27cm while cloth recorded the least with a value of 681.95cm. Storage period of 2 months had a higher seedling vigor of 1329.28cm while 8 months of storage had the least seeding vigor of 284.08.There were also significant differences(P<0.05) in the seedling vigor among varieties, packaging material and storage period. V3 had the highest protein content while V2 recorded the lowest. Eight months storage period had the highest protein content while 2months had the least. However significant differences (P<0.05) was observed in the protein content of soybean in terms of variety, storage period and packaging material. Significant differences were also observed at (P<0.05) in all the interaction effects except the interaction between variety and packaging material in the seedling root length. In the present study, the best packaging material was LDPE and the variety that had more resistance to deterioration was V2 (TGx 1904-6F). When soybeans are stored at ambient, they should be stored in a suitable packaging material and varieties that are prone to fast deterioration should not be stored for more than 4months otherwise they lose viability and vigor.
Description: Storage and packaging of varieties of Soybean
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/747
Appears in Collections:Centre for Food Technology & Research (CEFTER)

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