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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/750

Title: CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPARATIVE QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF PACHIRA AQUATICA SEED OIL AND EXTRACTS
Authors: AFOLAYAN, SUNDAY STEPHEN
Keywords: Characterization, Extracts
Comparative Quality Assessment, Pachira Aquatica Seed Oil
Issue Date: May-2019
Abstract: Pachira aquatica is cultivated and grown as an ornamental plant but neglected as a fruit tree in Nigeria. In this study the seeds of the plant were analyzed to establish the chemical compositions and nutritional properties in order to investigate their potential use in human, animals and industries. Soxhlet extraction technique using hexane was employed for the extraction of the Pachira aquatica seed oil from Pachira aquatica seed. Proximate analyses showed that it has high amounts of protein and oil. The results of the proximate analysis on wet basis revealed moisture content of (9.74±0.12 %), protein (19.90±0.26 %), ether extract (44.43±0.70%), ash (4.11±0.003 %), fibre (3.70±0.18%), carbohydrate (18.12±0.40%), and energy value (547.14±0.32 Kcal/lOOg), while mineral Constituents of the seeds were potassium (10611.74 ±1.88 mg/L), phosphorus (4007.86±0.48 mg/L), calcium (1387.00±0.17 mg/L) and arsenic (0.01±0.0.00 pg/L). The phytochemical results showed presence of alkaloid, tannins, flavonoid, glycosides and phenol which indicated that the plant possess antifungal, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity, thus, presenting a broad potential across numerous therapeutic applications. The major saturated fatty acid was palmitic acid, while the main unsaturated fatty acid was oleic acid and the polyunsaturated fatty acid was linoleic acid for the seed oils, which Confirmed that the oil contains high saturated fatty acid which was in line with result obtain from the 1H-NMR analysis of triglycerol fraction of the oil. GC-MS analysis further confirmed the presence of large amount of saturated fatty acid in the oil. These seed oils had characteristically low acidity and peroxide values. The seeds and seed oils were of a good quality and could be used in domestic and industrial purposes. Also, the seed of the plant has a traditional potential to improve both human and livestock nutrition, boost food security, promote rural development as well as play significant role in poverty alleviation.
Description: Pachira Aquatica Seed Oil and Extracts
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/11409/750
Appears in Collections:Centre for Food Technology & Research (CEFTER)

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