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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/76

Title: EFFECT OF PRIOR KNOWLEDGE OF INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION AND ACHIEVEMENT IN BIOLOGY.
Authors: DR. JOSIAH, A. OGBEBA
Issue Date: 13-Jun-2013
Abstract: This study determined the effect of prior knowledge of instructional objectives on students’ achievement and motivation in Biology. It also examined the differential effect of prior knowledge of instructional objectives on the achievement and motivation of male and female students as well as urban and rural students in zone c of Benue state. Six research questions and eight hypotheses were formulated to guide the research. Data were collected from 640 SS II students using two validated instruments; the Biology Achievement Test Items (BATI), which yielded reliability coefficient (r) of 0.84 and the Biology Motivational Intensity Scale Items (BMISI), which yielded reliability coefficient (r) of 0.89. The research questions were answered using the mean and standard deviation scores and ratings, while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 significant level using Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). It was found that students exposed to instructional objectives in Biology before teaching achieved higher scores and showed greater motivation in biology than those who were not exposed to them (F1, 631 = 10.946; P < 0.05) and (F1, 631 = 12.520; P < 0.05) respectively. The urban students obtained significantly higher scores in biology achievement and motivation than the rural students (F1, 631 = 10.946; P < 0.05) and (F1, 631 = 12.520; P < 0.05) respectively. However, the results revealed no significant difference in the mean achievement scores and motivation ratings of male and female students in Biology (F1, 631 = 10.946; P > 0.05) and (F1, 631 = 12.520; P > 0.05) respectively. The study recommended among other things the adequate training of Biology teachers on the use of prior instructional objectives for classroom instructions; Authors of method text books should illustrate carefully how to make use of the strategy of ‘prior-knowledge of instructional objectives’ in their books. In addition, efforts should be made to post qualified and experienced teachers of Biology to rural schools to enhance students’ achievement. The provision of facilities such as good libraries, standard laboratories, electricity and adequate source of water for rural schools will also go a long way to improve students’ academic pursuit.
URI: http://bsuir.bsum.edu.ng:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/76
Appears in Collections:Center for Research Management

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